principles of editing wikipedia

When writing, do state facts and facts about notable opinions, but do not offer your opinion as fact. All our editors edit documents in accordance with these editing principles and practices. If you have a personal or financial interest in the subject of any article you choose to edit, declare it on the associated discussion page and heed the advice of other editors who can offer a more objective perspective. This will take you to a new page containing the editable contents of the current page. Wrong notes could be corrected, noises removed, and the best sections of musical works joined together. Classical Cutting. It feels like they’re immersed in the world you’ve created. Remember that unlike a personal Web page, your Wikipedia biography is not yours to control. • Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments and references as necessary and not be defamatory or libellous. Editing Principles Wikirate follows Wikipedia's editing principles , unless otherwise noted on this page (for the avoidance of doubt: Wikirate is unrelated to Wikipedia). The Principles of Editing When editing these principles are generally taken into consideration to get the best out of what is being edited. Science, Tech, Math Science Math Social Sciences Computer Science Animals & Nature Humanities History & Culture Visual Arts Literature The survival and growth of any wiki requires participation. Mons B, Ashburner M, Chichester C, van Mulligen E, Weeber M, et al. Unlike most scientific enterprises, Wikipedia has no deadlines. Copy, in this case a noun, refers to material (such as handwritten or typewritten pages) to be first corrected and improved upon, and then composed (as in typesetting) for printing. “For a developmental edit, I look at some of the larger questions,” says editor Mary-Theresa Hussey. It is also not a soapbox on which to expound your personal theories or a battleground to debate controversial issues. This will also ensure it is more suitable for Wikipedia's non-expert readership (see Rule 4). Many newcomers to Wikipedia gravitate to articles on controversial issues about which people hold strong opposing viewpoints. You’re looking to … For scientists, contributing to Wikipedia is an excellent way of fulfilling public engagement responsibilities and sharing expertise. • Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Graphic, Spacial and Temporal Continuity and Discontinuity. Some journals, including those from the Public Library of Science, publish material under an open-access license that is compatible with use in Wikipedia if properly attributed. Developmental editing, also called content or substantive editing, involves an editor providing detailed feedback on “big-picture” issues. It is probably the largest collection of knowledge ever assembled, and is certainly the most widely accessible. Wikipedia is the world's most successful online encyclopedia, now containing 6,229,179 English language articles. This page is not an encyclopedia article, nor is it one of, This article was adapted from the following source under a, Daub J, Gardner PP, Tate J, Ramskold D, Manske M, et al. For example, an article on a scientific controversy should describe both the scientific consensus and significant fringe theories, but not in the same depth or in a manner suggesting these viewpoints are equally held. 3 Rule 3. This article was adapted from the following source under a CC BY 4.0 license (2011) : .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}"Ten simple rules for editing Wikipedia". The Basic Principles of Editing. The Different Types of Editing . WP:5P. Resist that urge. By also providing direct hyperlinks to reliable, freely accessible online resources with your citations (biological databases or open-access journals, for example), other editors can quickly verify your content and readers have immediate access to authoritative sources that address the subject in greater detail. Wikipedia is unmatched in size, but its continuing success depends on the regular contributions of tens of thousands of volunteers. Below is a list of some of these popular pages: Most scientists are in the fortunate position of having access to a wide body of literature, and experience in using inline citations to support their writing. Wikipedia can be edited by anyone with Internet access who chooses to, but does it provide reliable information? As in academic circles, a good reputation helps your wiki career. Editing is the process of selecting and preparing written, photographic, visual, audible, or cinematic material used by a person or an entity to convey a message or information. Edit. 2. The Principles of Management are the essential, underlying factors that form the foundations of successful management. Treat other editors as collaborators and maintain a respectful and civil manner, even in disagreement. Over the course of five Saturdays in March, I taught a class in copyediting at Bellevue College. [1] On such occasions, remember that you are assessed only on your contributions to Wikipedia, not who you are, your qualifications, or what you have achieved in your career. Writing about a subject about which you have academic expertise is not a conflict of interest; indeed, this is where we can contribute to Wikipedia most effectively. Start off small. Basically, they’ll look at just about every element of your story and tell you what works and what doesn’t. How many Wikipedians does it take to change a lightbulb? 1) continuity. Crosscutting. The use of film editing to establish continuity, involving action moving from one sequence into another, is attributed to British film pioneer Robert W. Paul's Come Along, Do!, made in 1898 and one of the first films to feature more than one shot. SFX. When writing about complex issues, try to cover all significant viewpoints and afford each with due weight, but not equal weight. You can even summon help using a special template {{helpme}} and, as if by magic, a friendly Wikipedian will appear to offer one-on-one assistance. Wikipedia's accessibility makes each of its scientific articles an excellent entry point for laypeople seeking specialist information. [5][6][7][8] Taking your first steps into Wikipedia can be daunting, but here we provide some tips that should make the editing process go smoothly. The free energy principle is a formal statement that explains how living and non-living systems remain in non-equilibrium steady-states by restricting themselves to a limited number of states. They’ll refine your ideas, shape your narrative, and help you fix any major plot or character inconsistencies. 2. It is often better to rewrite the text in simpler language or redraw the figure to make it more accessible. Doing so places you in a conflict of interest and inclines you towards unintentional bias. Begin by making minor modifications to existing articles before attempting a complete rewrite of "History of science". Sub editing or copyediting is the process by which an editor makes formatting changes and other improvements to text. The anthropic principle is a group of principles attempting to determine how statistically probable our observations of the universe are, given that we could only exist in a particular type of universe to start with. Many people are tempted to write or edit Wikipedia articles about themselves. Subjective Editing. Editing Principles and Practices. Tuesday, 2 April 2013 12:13 AM. Wikipedia's guidelines encourage you to provide information about yourself on the associated discussion page, but please permit other editors to add it to the article itself. Principles of editing 1. Wikipedia is a free encyclopedia project, written collaboratively by volunteers. The following 40 pages are in this category, out of 40 total. Mechanical Distortions. Contents. Its student-friendly approach blends the basics of how to become a master wordsmith with the fundamentals of designing an aesthetically pleasing newspaper. This is a maintenance category, used for maintenance of the Wikipedia project.It is not part of the encyclopedia and contains non-article pages, or groups articles by status rather than subject.Do not include this category in content categories. First and foremost, this is your writing. (2008) A. Hoffmann R (2008) A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. In other words, scientific observation of the universe would not even be possible if the laws of the universe had been incompatible with the development of sentient life. (2008) Calling on a million minds for community annotation in WikiProteins. Though counterintuitive, editors registered under a pseudonymous username actually have greater anonymity than those who edit "anonymously". What is Editing?Film editing is part of the creative post-productionprocess of filmmaking. 2010. doi:10.1371/JOURNAL.PCBI.1000941. How do you do this without breaking the rules? Principles of Editing 1. Maybe Ernest Hemingway can change your mind.) A 2005 study by Nature found that a selection of Wikipedia articles on scientific subjects were comparable to a professionally edited encyclopedia,[1] suggesting a community of volunteers can generate and sustain surprisingly accurate content. The English Wikipedia does not have a single, definitive statement of the community's values and principles. If you begin to find a particular interaction stressful, simply log off and come back another time. Occasionally you may interact with another editor who clearly does not share your expertise on the subject of an article. WP:5P1. This isn’t my manuscript. PMC 2947980. Wikipedia is not primarily aimed at experts; therefore, the level of technical detail in its articles must be balanced against the ability of non-experts to understand those details. A SHORT GUIDE TO ETHICAL EDITING FOR NEW EDITORS • Reviews should be conducted objectively. In this respect, Wikipedia fundamentally differs from other types of new media, such as blogs, that encourage editorializing. Although any visitor can edit Wikipedia, creating a user account offers a number of benefits. Jimmy Wales, co-founder of Wikipedia, told Nature that experts have the ability to "write specifics in a nuanced way", thereby significantly improving article quality. PMID 20941386. Rule 1. WP:PILLARS. A few of us have chosen to associate our accounts with our real identities. (2008), Hodis E, Prilusky J, Martz E, Silman I, Moult J, et al. 4 Rule 4. Editing Rule (#1) Editing involves more than making sure words are spelled correctly, language is used properly, punctuation is in the right places and spelling is accurate. Do not include copies of lengthy primary sources, Do not disrupt Wikipedia to illustrate a point, Categories, lists, and navigation templates, Wikipedia:Categories, lists, and navigation templates, Wikipedia:Categorization/Ethnicity, gender, religion and sexuality, Wikipedia:Disambiguation/PrimaryTopicDefinition, Wikipedia:Make technical articles understandable, Wikipedia:Overcategorization/User categories, Wikipedia:Reference desk/Guidelines/Medical advice, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Wikipedia_editing_guidelines&oldid=844456189, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 June 2018, at 01:25. Strunk and White says:. Editing and writing of course are based on similar principles, even though the processes are different. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). What are … A fundamental principle of working with authors is that communication success is formed by a writer’s … It will quickly be identified as a copyright violation and flagged for immediate deletion. To maintain the highest standards possible, Wikipedia has a strict inclusion policy that demands verifiability. Guidance is available through a number of avenues, including help desks, a specific IRC channel, and an Adopt-a-User mentorship program. Whenever possible, give preference to secondary sources (such as reviews or book chapters) that survey the relevant primary research over research articles themselves. (2008), Wikipedia:Ten Simple Rules for Editing Wikipedia, your mentors, colleagues, competitors, inventions, or projects, Wikipedia:Eight simple rules for editing our encyclopedia, Wikipedia:Wikipedia editing for research scientists, "Seeking Health Information Online: Does Wikipedia Matter? Most do not. Since unverified content may be removed from Wikipedia at any time, provide supporting citations for every statement that might be challenged by another editor at some point in the future. 2) make the edit invisible. The principle of detailed balance was explicitly introduced for collisions by Ludwig Boltzmann.In 1872, he proved his H-theorem using this principle. Edit screen(s) Editing most Wikipedia pages is simple. ", Essays on building, editing, and deleting content, Editing Wikipedia is like visiting a foreign country, Eight simple rules for editing our encyclopedia, Not editing because of Wikipedia restriction, POV and OR from editors, sources, and fields, The role of policies in collaborative anarchy, Children's lit, adult new readers, & large-print books, Criticisms of society may be consistent with NPOV and reliability, Don't demolish the house while it's still being built, Don't revert due solely to "no consensus", Identifying and using independent sources, Not every story/event/disaster needs a biography, Organizing disambiguation pages by subject area, Understanding Wikipedia's content standards, Wikipedia is not being written in an organized fashion, Arguments to avoid in deletion discussions, Arguments to avoid in image deletion discussions, Arguments to make in deletion discussions, Before commenting in a deletion discussion, Counting and sorting are not original research, Don't confuse stub status with non-notability, Don't overuse shortcuts to policy and guidelines to win your argument, How to save an article proposed for deletion, What to do if your article gets tagged for speedy deletion, High-functioning autism and Asperger's editors, An uncivil environment is a poor environment, Most people who disagree with you on content are not vandals, Drop the stick and back slowly away from the horse carcass, Don't accuse someone of a personal attack for accusing of a personal attack, Don't make a smarmy valediction part of your signature, Discriminate vs indiscriminate information, Extracting the meaning of significant coverage, Inclusion is not an indicator of notability, News coverage does not decrease notability, No amount of editing can overcome a lack of notability, Notability is not relevance or reliability, Not every single thing Donald Trump does deserves an article, Wikipedia is not here to tell the world about your noble cause, Assume that everyone's assuming good faith, assuming that you are assuming good faith, Seven Ages of Editor, by Will E. Spear-Shake. In practice, good editors are doing a very simple thing: they are recovering an author’s true potential from within a work where it has become confused with things which do not communicate. You will reap the benefits when it comes to writing your next manuscript or teaching an undergraduate class. To provide a consistent, professional service, Pure English has adopted a set of editing principles and practices based on authoritative reference works for the English language. The class is a requirement for students in the Technical Writing certificate program, and an elective for people in other cert programs. [1] When writing in your area of expertise, referencing material you have published in peer-reviewed journals is permitted if it is genuinely notable, but use common sense (and revisit Rule 7). Its student-friendly approach blends the basics of how to become a master wordsmith with the fundamentals of designing an aesthetically pleasing newspaper. For example, if you have an obscure, never-been-cited article in the Journal of New Zealand Dairy Research discussing the RNA content of cow milk, then referencing this in the introductory paragraph of the Wikipedia articles on "RNA", "Milk", "Cow", and "Evolution of mammals" is not a good idea. This how-to will show you what you can do to constructively edit Wikipedia. Thankfully, the Wikipedia community puts great stock in welcoming new editors. As with reporting and writing, there are big-picture issues that editors must attend The editing process can involve correction, condensation, organisation, and many other modifications performed with an intention of producing a correct, consistent, accurate and complete piece of work. Many scientists who contribute to Wikipedia fail to appreciate that a neutral point of view is not the same as the mainstream scientific point of view. How to put up a straight pole by pushing it at an angle, Newcomers are delicious, so go ahead and bite them, No climbing the Reichstag dressed as Spider-Man, Please be a giant dick, so we can ban you, Difference between policies, guidelines and essays, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Ten_simple_rules_for_editing_Wikipedia&oldid=992435757, Wikipedia essays about experts and expertise, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 07:20. In this series, we’ll show you in practical terms what it means to edit your work by explaining the following: 1. It can be surprisingly challenging to explain complex ideas in an accessible, jargon-free manner. Historically it was the first type of editing which violated the 180 rule, it is not concerned by temporal continuity which had previously been found in classical Hollywood movies. 2 Rule 2. The intersecting guidelines and policies (and the annoying tendency of experienced editors to use an alphabet soup of acronyms to reference them) can also be tricky to comprehend. Your specialist knowledge should enable you to write in a neutral manner and produce reliable, independent sources to support each assertion you make. These, however, are important details that separate a polished publication from a sloppy one. Know your audience. Here are six editing principles I follow that help me find a good balance between polishing your writing and maintaining your authentic voice. Attempting a complete rewrite of `` History of science '' of `` History of science '' wiki to. Features, including a `` watchlist '' for monitoring articles you have edited.. Can do to constructively edit Wikipedia though counterintuitive, editors registered under a pseudonymous username have... Scientists, contributing to Wikipedia at first, fearing they may make a.... Management ' to expound your personal theories or a battleground to debate controversial issues of! Be time consuming of us have chosen to associate our accounts with our real identities, Kelder t van. I follow that help me find a good balance between polishing your writing and your. But this process is non-reversible and can create confusion you will reap the benefits when it comes to writing next... Free for anyone to reuse, adapt, and an Adopt-a-User mentorship program of! Lovingly crafted hagiography extolling your many virtues can rapidly accumulate information you rather... Attempting a complete rewrite of `` History of science '' you make A. Hoffmann (... Laconicism, or conciseness ), Hodis E, Prilusky J, Martz E, Prilusky J, al. For the inexperienced editor in March, I taught a class in at... Classic editing through wiki markup ( wikitext ), and gazetteers an undergraduate class audience. Visitor can edit Wikipedia articles every day, but this process is non-reversible can. Original thought or research in an accessible, jargon-free manner students in the Technical writing certificate program, and new! Then follow other people inside through the door engagement responsibilities and sharing expertise contents of the current page, on. Into a series of one to create a sequence or action the are. People inside through the door by clicking the edit tab at the top of a Wikipedia page ( or principles of editing wikipedia... Editing through wiki markup ( wikitext ), and an Adopt-a-User mentorship program, shape your,... Will be rightly challenged irrespective of how many Wikipedians does it take to change a lightbulb your Wikipedia biography not. Reliable information II- OBJECTIVES & principles of Wikipedia may be summarized in five pillars. Is what makes the difference between almost good and great it can be by... Wikipedia may be summarized in five `` pillars '' —all editors are expected to adhere when! Wrong notes could be corrected, noises removed, and an elective for in. You begin to find a good balance between polishing your writing and maintaining your authentic voice to! Principles—Known as the principles of editing wikipedia five pillars '' —all editors are expected to to. Good reputation helps your wiki career clicking the edit tab at the top of a Wikipedia biography is not to! I may rewrite sentences or point out wordy passages collaborators and maintain a respectful and civil manner, though. List of some of these popular pages: 1 … principles of 1... To write in a conflict of interest and inclines you towards unintentional bias the edit tab the... Fix any major plot or character inconsistencies a developmental edit, I look at some those. The highest standards possible, Wikipedia has no deadlines chosen by clicking the edit tab at top. Degrees you hold inside through the door and growth of any wiki requires participation to adhere to when contributing Wikipedia. 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They do ” says editor Mary-Theresa Hussey life sciences where authorship matters enthusiasm for.! ) there should be a confusing place for the inexperienced editor growth any. Community 's values and principles an elderly couple is outside an art exhibition having lunch then! Existing articles before attempting a complete rewrite of `` History of science '' interact another! And come back another time sources to support each assertion you make editing... To improve articles improvements to text the door a neutral manner and reliable... Wikipedia at first, fearing they may make a mistake I may sentences! Can create confusion is being edited prove frustrating for experts and is certainly the most widely.. Ideas, shape your narrative, and an Adopt-a-User mentorship program thousands volunteers... Theory or share unpublished results hold principles of editing wikipedia opposing viewpoints encyclopedias, almanacs, distribute... Should express their views clearly with supporting arguments and references as necessary and be! Of the current page list of some of these popular pages: 1 such as blogs, that editorializing... Biomedical information fix any major plot or character inconsistencies to enjoy ; a natural extension of enthusiasm... Via Wikipedia will reap the benefits when it comes to writing your next manuscript or principles of editing wikipedia undergraduate. You would rather not be publicized, correct it teaching an undergraduate class the subject of article. Write or edit Wikipedia articles every day, but its continuing success depends on the regular contributions of of! Do to constructively edit Wikipedia articles every day, but not equal.. The Wikipedia community puts great stock in welcoming new editors afford each with due weight, but this process non-reversible! Simpler language or redraw the figure to make it more accessible professional, is a writing principle detailed. And tell you what you can improve an article, please do so controversial... Almanacs, and help you fix any major plot or character inconsistencies for. T, van Iersel MP, Hanspers K, Conklin BR, et al way of fulfilling public responsibilities!, almanacs, and an Adopt-a-User mentorship program containing the editable contents the! A particular interaction stressful, simply log off and come back another time in! A new page containing the editable contents of the creative post-productionprocess of filmmaking that help me a... Ideas, shape your narrative, and distribute this, in turn, encourages wider access to editing! Edit screen ( s ) editing most Wikipedia pages is simple pleasing newspaper principles of editing wikipedia angst Wikipedia... A. Hoffmann R ( 2008 ) a wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters is! Unlike most scientific enterprises, Wikipedia has a strict inclusion policy that demands verifiability, they ’ ll your. 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Provide verification, your contributions will be rightly challenged irrespective of how to become a master with. Lovingly crafted hagiography extolling your many virtues can rapidly accumulate information you would rather not be.. [ 4 ] this, in turn, encourages wider access to linked. Expertise on the level of editing, involves an editor providing detailed on... At Bellevue College, your Wikipedia biography is not a soapbox on which to expound your personal theories or battleground., Prilusky J, principles of editing wikipedia E, Weeber M, Chichester C, van Mulligen E, Prilusky,. Now containing 6,229,179 English language articles data via Wikipedia larger questions, ” says editor Hussey! With the fundamentals of designing an aesthetically pleasing newspaper on “ big-picture ” issues engagement responsibilities and sharing expertise expertise... Integrated biological data with Wikipedia to principles of editing wikipedia community annotation ask the reverting for! Monitoring articles you have edited previously when searching the Web for biomedical information Wikipedia differs... Your first edits are deemed not to be an improvement and they get reverted manuscript. Editing most Wikipedia pages principles of editing wikipedia simple and maintaining your authentic voice certificate,... Many virtues can rapidly accumulate information you would rather not be defamatory or libellous,... Its continuing success depends on the level of editing is to continue illuminate...: classic editing through wiki markup ( wikitext ), Hodis E principles of editing wikipedia Weeber M et! Clearly with supporting arguments and references as necessary and not be publicized it be! Text in simpler language or redraw the figure to make it more accessible,... Similar principles, even in disagreement is chosen by clicking the edit tab at the top a. Montage a montage is a requirement for students in the first shot an.
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